Greek War of Independence: The day Kalavryta became free

·

On March 21, 1821 the Greek revolution began with the siege of Kalavryta, where Greek warriors fought and made the city the first Greek town liberated from the Ottomans.

The Greek chieftains were led by Sotiris Charalambis, Asimakis Fotilas, Sotiris Theocharopoulos, Ioannis Papadopoulos and Nikolaos Soliotis and Nikolaos Petmezas. They had taken a small cannon from the Monastery of Agia Lavra and besieged the city fortress.

The Turks under the command of Ibrahim Pasha Arnaoutoglou barricaded themselves in three towers and expecting military help from Tripolitsa. Such military reinforcements never arrived, and the Greeks succeeded in their conquest.

Agia Lavra monastery in Kalavryta.

The Monastery of Agia Lavra in Kalavryta, which housed Greek revolutionists 200 years before the war of 1821, became the starting point for the battle against the Turks. Paleon Patron Germanos, the bishop who declared the Revolution against the Turks, raised the first Greek flag in the monastery. This became the banner of the revolution and was raised on March 25, 1821 to officially declare war.

After taking Kalavryta, revolutionaries moved towards Patras where Greeks were facing heavy resistance by the Turks. The brave Panagiotis Karatzas drove them back to the fortress in Patras and once again controlled the countryside of the Peloponnese.

Historian Nikolaos Papadopoulos had described the liberation of the city as follows: “It was dusk when approximately 200 warriors arrived at Kalavryta and started the battle for the liberation of the town. Soon the battle spread out as the rebels took over the Turkish officials’ towers, making the town their own. This was the first victorious battle and Kalavryta was the first free Greek city.”

“In the years of Turkish rule, Kalavryta was the largest city in the Morea and numbered 40,000 residents. The Turks stayed around the current monastery of Agia Aikaterini, where they had built two mosques.”

The people of Kalavryta remain proud that their city and monastery became the birth place of the Greek War of Independence.

Advertisement

Share:

KEEP UP TO DATE WITH TGH

By subscribing you accept our Terms of Service and Privacy Policy.

Advertisement

Latest News

Fresco of Helen of Troy uncovered at Pompeii

Nearly 2,000 years since it was buried by volcanic rubble, the lost city of Pompeii is yielding even more impressive discoveries.

New casual Greek restaurant brings meze and cocktails to Adelaide’s CBD

Andrew Papadakis, the visionary who founded and successfully sold Meze Mazi, returns to the vibrant Adelaide restaurant scene.

Two Greek women included in ’30 Under 30′ Forbes list

In this year's European Forbes "30 Under 30" list, two exceptional Greek women have managed to stand out for their successful paths.

2,300-year-old tomb unearthed in Greece

A tomb in the ancient Macedonian city of Aegae in modern Vergina, Greece,  has been unearthed according to an All That’s Interesting report.

Yorgos Lanthimos’ new movie ‘Kinds of Kindness’ included in Cannes lineup

New films from Yorgos Lanthimos, Andrea Arnold and Francis Ford Coppola, will compete for the Palme d’Or at the 77th Cannes Film Festival.

You May Also Like

Greek Australian fitness instructor named Fitness Australia’s educator of the year

Greek Australian fitness instructor Jono Petrohilos has been named the national winner of Fitness Australia's Educator of the Year award.

Kon Karapanagiotidis’ Asylum Seeker Resource Centre in Victoria has been saved

The Founder and CEO of Asylum Seeker Resource Centre, Kon Karapanagiotidis OAM announced the organisation is saved from closing its doors.

Cyprus to attend international conference on Libya despite Turkey’s boycott ultimatum

Cyprus’ attendance rules out an appearance from the Turkish President, who threatened to boycott the event if they were invited.